In the eye of the storm: Urban Transformations in Berlin – Realities of Crisis and Perspectives for Social Struggles

7. Bibliography

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[i] Being aware that a certain Fordist model could be true also for Eastern Berlin we want to focus here on West-Berlin as this has been the place of our inquiry.

[ii] The IBA was, as publicly finances and privately organized institution, the new urban centre of power during the 1980s, whose “twelve principles for a careful urban renewal” picked up important requests by tenants initiatives, urban activists and squatters (Holm 2009; our translation).

[iii] For further reading on alternative artists at east-Berlin see Bartholmess/Klepp 2001, regarding the new wave of squatting see Holm/Kuhn 2010).

[iv] The question of overspeculation on the German Real-Estate Market is not tackled in this text, for more information see: Jensen/Syrovatka 2013; Hanau/Möbert 2012

[v] The City’s deficits sits at the moment at around 60 billion Euro. See this and further details on the case at Bernt/Grell/Holm (2013).

[vi] A fact that provoced the weekly ZEIT at 2012 to launch a series of articles called “Living with Racism” (

[vii] The model forsees four stages of Gentrification: The pioneers, the first changes, the szene-disctrict and the gentrified district (after Clay 1979, Zukin 1982)

[viii] At Berlin 81,2 % lived at a rented house, German intermediate is 52,1% (see table Zensus 2011), compared to an EU intermediate of 29% rented houses (EUROSTAT 2011).

[ix] At May 2013 the “Mietänderungsgesetzt” (law of change in the rent) came into force. It includes various changes benefiting the renters, e.g. regarding the distribution of costs in cases of modernization or weakening the protection of tenants in cases of payment defaults (cf. BMV 2013).

[x] Berliner Energietisch is a non-governmental alliance of local initiatives and NGOs. Since 2010 some of the groups were working on the issue of sustainable energy supply which was not realized by the concern Vattenfall. 2011 the round table was founded to struggle for its re-communalissation including demands for social, ecological and democratic power supply based in Berlin. As Berlin’s government did not accept to include this in the coalition agreement the round table decided to carry out a referendum. At November 2013 it does not reach the rate needed: 83% voted for the recommunalisation, 17% against/not valid. For further information see

[xi] Homepage by Refugee Tent Action:

[xii] Homepage by Kotti&Co with some English texts:

[xiii] Homepage by PAH:

[xiv] Homepage by Mietshäuser Syndikat:

[xv] Homepage of INURA:

[xvi] “There is no alternative”

[xvii] Homepage of Mediaspree Versenken:

[xviii] Homepage of Megaspree:

[xix] Homepage of Holzmarkt:

[xx] Homepage of Initiative Stadt Neudenken:

[xxi] Homepage of Koalition der Freien Szene:

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